here’s the line to the British throne and how it works

Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain, died on Thursday evening at the age of 96. The sovereign’s health condition had been deteriorating for several months, and on Thursday Elizabeth II’s doctors told themselves “affected” . At the age of 96, immensely popular, the record-long-lived monarch had been preparing his legacy upstream. His heir, first in line to the throne of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth States, is his eldest son: Charles, Prince of Wales, 73 years old and born of her union with Philip.

Charles, a newly confirmed heir

From year to year, rumors suggested that the crown might skip a generation to return directly to Prince William. Conversely, Elizabeth II comforted her son and delegated more and more missions to him over the years and his declining health. Last May, Charles gave in his place, and for the first time, the speech from the throne in Parliament, one of the most important functions of the British monarchy.

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If he chooses to keep his birth name, he will rule under the name Charles III. When he takes the throne, his wife Camilla Parker-Bowles will become Queen Consort. This was announced by Elizabeth II last February. A sign of sympathy and gratitude to Charles’ second wife, long hated by the British, who preferred the late Princess Diana.

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A long sequence of 104 names

Charles is followed in the line of succession by his eldest son William, Duke of Cambridge, himself followed by the three children he had with his wife Kate Middleton: Prince George, 9 years old, the princess charlotte, 7 years old, and the Prince Louis, 4 years.

Charles and Diana’s second son, Harry, Duke of Sussex, married to actress Meghan Markle, is sixth on this list. Again he is followed by his two children: Archie and Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor.

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The current succession has 104 suitors. After Harry and his children, the second son of Elizabeth II, Andrew, and his descendants complete the list, then Edward, third son, with his line, and so on.

The rule of absolute primogeniture

The order of succession to the British throne is governed by the Establishment Act of 1701. At the time, this law was intended to prevent the coronation of a king favorable to Catholicism. This led to the expulsion of the Stuart family in favor of the descendants of Sophie de Hanover.

In 2013, when the Duchess of Cambridge, Kate Middleton, was pregnant with her first child, the British Parliament changed the order of succession by voting Succession according to the Crown Act. This law put an end to male preference and established absolute primogeniture. This means that the sovereign’s first child, whether a boy or a girl, is the heir. In the past, sons had priority over their sisters, even born before.

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