20.25, 30 December 2022
Return to grace, fleeting passage or revelation in the eyes of the general public. In 2022, new leaders have been elected all over the world, in very different contexts. Each appears as a mirror of a social, economic and political reality in their country, but not all have free rein to carry out their function. Europe 1 gives you an overview of the four corners of the planet.
Italy: Giorgia Meloni, a historic first place
The Italian vote produced a historic result that nevertheless raises many questions. For the first time, a woman will head a government on the other side of the Alps. However, Giorgia Meloni (45) is also described as a “post-fascist”, leader of a party – Fratelli d’Italia – created after the Second World War on the ashes of a certain Benito Mussolini. Like Eric Zemmour in France, she does not hesitate to maintain the “ethnic replacement” that Italy would fall victim to, while regularly scratching the “LGBT lobbies”.
The new strong woman in Rome very quickly set the tone of her politics by being inflexible in the Ocean Viking file. Last November, this migrant boat finally docked in the port of Toulon after Rome’s categorical refusal to welcome the 234 people who were there. Enough to trigger the anger of Gérald Darmanin, who promised to “suffer the consequences” of the Italian position on the “bilateral relations” between the two countries. Atmosphere.
Great Britain: Liz Truss, a little tour and off we went
She also made history this year. But will not figure in its most glorious pages. Taking advantage of Boris Johnson’s resignation, weakened by several scandals in his government, Liz Truss was given the keys to 10 Downing Street on 6 September. A prestigious position which she will occupy for … 44 days, making her the most volatile Prime Minister in the UK’s modern history.
A resounding failure born, among other things, of a huge ultra-liberal project with massive reductions in taxes and spending, which sowed panic in the financial markets. Especially since the new leader had given no guarantee of funding for this ambitious reform. Increasingly isolated in the conservative apparatus, she had no choice but to resign on 20 October.
Great Britain: Rishi Sunak, a promising start and then problems
After the Liz Truss episode, Britain is back where it started, and the Conservative Party is targeting Rishi Sunak, former Chancellor of the Exchequer under Boris Johnson. If he initially succeeded in putting out the fire in the party and in calming the markets, his position in the face of growing social discontent across the channel is puzzling. The new head of government is refusing to enter into negotiations with the unions and is struggling to shed the image of a technocrat out of touch with reality. So much so that his future at 10 Downing Street is already fragile.
Brazil: Lula, a resounding comeback
He is back. More than a decade after the end of his first term in office, the historic figure in the Labor Party is once again taking control of Brazil after a bitter battle with Jair Bolsonaro, the outgoing president. At the antipodes of his far-right predecessor, beaten despite a score of 49.1%, the 77-year-old leader has his work cut out for him in a country so rarely divided.
On the international stage, he will have to restore credit to Brazil, especially on the environmental issue, which Bolsonaro rather neglected. He will also have to tackle the poverty that plagues his country and the defense of ethnic minorities, particularly hard hit after four years of Bolsonaroism.
Israel: Yaïr Lapid-Benyamin Netanyahu, crossed destinies
In March 2021, Yaïr Lapid was tasked by President Reuven Rivlin with forming a government following the failure of Benyamin Netanyahu, who had failed to gather sufficient support. On the contrary, Lapid achieves his goals and then becomes deputy prime minister, while Naftali Bennett takes over as head of government. However, due to new tensions within the coalition, the pair decided to dissolve the Knesset (the Israeli parliament) and thus call for new legislative elections.
According to an agreement between the two men, which allows for a rotation in the event of dissolution, Yaïr Lapid will take up the post of Prime Minister on July 1, 2022. An inauguration of short duration, since at the end of a new legislative election in November last year, his The political party failed to maintain a majority in the Knesset. A setback that benefits a certain Benyamin Netanyahu, whose party wins 64 of the 120 seats in parliament. After validating his government, he was sworn in on Thursday, resuming the throne he had left just over a year ago.