The Iranian nuclear issue is progressing slowly, but surely. On August 8, after four days of negotiations in Vienna between diplomats from all the parties (Iran, Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom and Germany), a text was put on the table, under the aegis of the European Union. Yet another attempt to save the agreement concluded in 2015 and torpedoed by the unilateral withdrawal of the United States in 2018 under Donald Trump. The pact, known by its English acronym JCPOA, aims to guarantee the civilian nature of Iran’s nuclear program, accused of seeking to acquire atomic weapons despite its denials.
The objective of the talks, in which the United States participates indirectly, was therefore to put the process back on track. On Tuesday, the spokesman for the head of European diplomacy Josep Borrell urged Tehran and Washington to take a ” quick decision » on the final compromise, indicating that it was a take-it-or-leave-it proposition. ” Everything that could be negotiated was integrated into the final version of the text and it is now up to the signatory countries to take political decisions. »he explained. ” Is it yes or no »he insisted, saying that “ there is no more space for other compromises ». ” As coordinator of the negotiations, Josep Borrell awaits decisive political decisions. He did not set any deadline, but we expect all participants to make this decision very quickly »again, said his spokesperson.
Iran asks for “assurances » to the EU
For its part, Iran indicates that ” the European Union’s proposals are acceptable provided that they provide assurances to Iran on various points », according to the official Irna agency, quoting an Iranian diplomat, without revealing his name. And cite the “sanctions” international, ” guarantees » that the United States will not question the agreement and the pending cases with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Iran is indeed under several sanctions, particularly since the withdrawal of the United States from the 2015 agreement. The country has, in particular, been excluded from the Swift banking messaging platform, as was the case for Russia recently following the invasion in Ukraine.
Another sticking point, Iran is asking the IAEA to close the question of undeclared sites, where traces of enriched uranium had been found. On Sunday, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian called on the IAEA to settle ” completely ” this case ” by the technical way”and abandon “irrelevant political issues”.