This Monday, September 12, the social partners are to be received by the Minister of Labor, Olivier Dussopt, and the Minister Delegate for Vocational Training, Carole Grandjean. On the menu of this meeting: the presentation of the government’s roadmap concerning its desire to reform unemployment insurance.
As a reminder: on September 7, the government kicked off a new reform of unemployment insurance which aims to respond to the recruitment difficulties observed in many sectors. The text of the bill aims in particular to extend the compensation rules from the previous reform of 2019. These rules only came into force on December 1, 2021 and must expire from October 31. It is a matter of extending them for at least one year.
During this period, the government wants to negotiate with the social partners on a modification of the compensation rules which it no longer considers appropriate to the labor market situation.
Too generous rules?
They would be, in a way, too generous towards the unemployed who, in fact, would make less effort to look for a job. The idea is therefore to modulate the conditions of unemployment insurance, according to the employment situation. A large number of vacancies would lead to tightening of the rules, a shortage to their relaxation. A system like Canada has put in place. Several parameters can thus change, from the amount of compensation to the eligibility criteria and the duration of compensation.
The discussions promise to be tense. On September 9, in a joint press release, eight unions (CFDT, CGT, FO, CFTC, CFE-CGC, FSU, Solidaires and Unsa) and five associations of students and high school students (Unef, Fidl, MNL, VL and Fage) denounced this project.
“Targeting unemployment rights is totally ineffective”, argue the signatories who affirm that “to stigmatize job seekers once again by reducing their rights to compensation is deeply unfair”.
According to these unions and associations, “Employers are struggling to recruit today” because first, “they cannot find the qualifications and skills they are looking for”and because “the terms and conditions of employment offered (…) pose a problem”. The thirteen organizations have planned to meet again on October 3 at the headquarters of Unsa.
On the employers’ side, the Medef is in favor of an evolution of the rules of compensation according to the economic situation. Without an agreement with the partners, which is possible, the government could define the next conditions by decree alone.