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HomeUnited KingdomThe summer of 2022 has been the hottest ever in England

The summer of 2022 has been the hottest ever in England

Record temperature and drought: The summer of 2022 was the hottest ever recorded in England and the fourth the size of the UK, hard hit like much of Europe by the climate crisis.

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Grilled lawns, dried up streams and watering bans have caused the British to feel the warming of the globe in a very concrete way in recent weeks.

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For England, the average temperature reached 17.1 degrees during the three summer months (June, July and August for the weather services), nights included, a record equal to 2018, indicated on Thursday 1 September by the British Meteorological Services.

Britain’s fourth hottest summer

Some regions are busy “less than 50% of their usual rainfall”the Met Office said based on preliminary data.

The east and north-east of England have been particularly affected by this heat, which has not spared the rest of the UK, with the summer of 2022 being the fourth warmest since records began in 1884.

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In July, temperatures rose above 40C for the first time in Britain, the driest month on record in many parts of southern and eastern England, forcing authorities to impose travel restrictions in some parts of the country.

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The flow of the Thames inconspicuous

Although the rains have returned in August, “This is not enough to bring us closer to the usual levels for this time of year”, indicate the meteorological services. 538 millimeters of rain has fallen since the start of the year in the UK, making 2022 the driest year since the historic drought of 1976.

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The country knows it “the warmest first eight months of the year” since the beginning of the measurements, winter and spring have not made it possible to form reserves.

The source of the Thames has thus dried up, and the flow of the river crossing London is only visible several kilometers downstream.

Unsuitable public transport

“For many, the heat record in July (…) will be the most memorable element of this summer”but “We must not forget that we also experienced several hot periods and heat peaks in June and August”explains Mark McCarthy of the National Climate Information Center, quoted in a press release.

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On July 20, the mercury hit an unprecedented 40.3°C in Coningsby, a village in northeast England, 1.6°C higher than the previous British record set in July 2019. .

This heatwave led to school closures and train cancellations as the country’s public transport was unable to withstand such temperatures. Vegetation fires also mobilized firefighters in the heart of summer near London.

A heat wave taken lightly by the government

The decided water restrictions have also hit fruit and vegetable producers in the regions concerned, who were already struggling with energy price inflation.

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The British government has been accused of not taking the heat wave seriously. The remarks of Dominic Raab, deputy prime minister of the outgoing government, confirming that the British must “enjoy the sun” had especially jumped health professionals and meteorologists who warned of the dangers of the heat wave.

The multiplication of heat waves is a direct consequence of global warming, according to scientists, with greenhouse gas emissions increasing in intensity, duration and frequency.

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