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Unemployment insurance: The Senate passes the bill that paves the way for a possible graduation – 25/10/2022 at 23:28


Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt speaks during a session of questions to the government at the National Assembly in Paris on October 18, 2022 (AFP / Christophe ARCHAMBAULT)

The Senate, with a right-wing majority, on Tuesday evening passed the first reading of the bill paving the way for a possible graduation of unemployment insurance according to the economic situation, after tightening it with a measure that penalized the repeated rejections of CDI proposals until the end of a CDD .

Planned over three days, the examination of this text by Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt was completed in a single day.

Deputies and senators will now try to agree on a joint version in a joint committee.

This text initially allows for the extension of current unemployment insurance rules, resulting from a contentious reform of Macron’s first five-year term, which expires on November 1. It also triggers the possibility of modulating unemployment insurance according to the labor market by decree, Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promise.

The current system “remains built to respond to a concept of mass unemployment without being a sufficient incentive to return to employment”, the minister declared, stressing that “60% of companies are finding it difficult to recruit”.

This modulation mechanism is currently the subject of consultations between the government and the social partners, which “should take 6 to 8 weeks to be completed before the end of the year”, specified Mr. Shower off.

The rapporteurs Frédérique Puissat (LR) and Olivier Henno (Centrist) have, with the support of the minister, enshrined the principle of graduation in full in the law.

The minister, however, was unfavorable to another measure introduced in the committee, which provides that a job seeker who has refused three CDI proposals at the end of a CDD cannot be eligible for unemployment insurance.

LR senators, including their leader Bruno Retailleau, failed to strengthen this provision in the half-cycle. An amendment to remove compensation on first refusal was rejected with extreme precision.

Laurent Duplomb (LR) defended the goal of returning to “the true values ​​of work”, Ms Puissat believed that “we cannot make life choices which are paid for by insurance systems”.

“We just have to remove unemployment benefits”, allowed Monique Lubin (PS) to get carried away on the left and condemned “a shallot”.

The Senate then passed another LR amendment aimed at excluding temporary workers from unemployment benefits who do not accept a CDI offered in the position they occupy in the interim.

As for the provision equating “abandonment of post” with a resignation, introduced in the Assembly by amendment of the President’s majority and the LRs, the senators specified the applicable procedure to “secure” it.

– Paritarianism –

The left is against a text that “stigmatizes job seekers and makes them look like profiteers”, according to Ms Lubin.

The PS and Ecologiste groups contributed their votes to a procedural motion by the Communist CRCE majority group aimed at rejecting it outright, which was nevertheless rejected. “The workers have lost a lot tonight,” said Cathy Apourceau-Poly (CRCE).

A Pôle Emploi agency, February 8, 2022 in Bordeaux (AFP / Philippe LOPEZ)

A Pôle Emploi agency, February 8, 2022 in Bordeaux (AFP / Philippe LOPEZ)

“To give the hand back to the social partners”, the senators rewrote the first article of the text, which allows for the expansion of the current rules for unemployment insurance. The deadline of 31 December 2023 has been moved to 31 August. This period “should be used to initiate consultations with the aim of changing the management of unemployment insurance”, Ms Puissat suggested.

“Without comprehensive and profound reforms, the common system will be dead,” warned centrist Jean-Marie Vanlerenberghe.

Contrary to the rewriting of the senators, the minister recalled that he had committed to start negotiations on governance.

Another point addressed by the senatorial court: the parameters of the bonus-malus, a device intended to limit short contracts. In particular, the purposes of temporary assignments are exempt from the scheme.

Another part of the bill provides for facilitating the validation of acquired experience (VAE). The senators opened it up even more, giving the go-ahead to an experiment proposed by the government with “reverse VAE”, combining employment and education.

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